Polymeric mixed-matrix membranes modified with halloysite nanotubes for water and wastewater treatment: A review
Overview of reports on the properties and modification of halloysite nanotubes.
Effect of pure and modified halloysite on the performance of polymeric membranes.
Permeability, separation and antifouling properties of the modified membranes.
A review on antibacterial properties of membranes with modified halloysite.
Polymeric membranes are widely applied for water and wastewater treatment. However, the membranes used in the pressure driven membrane processes suffer from the undesired phenomena of fouling and biofouling. That leads to a decrease in productivity and an increase in treatment costs. The membranes used in forward osmosis, being a non – pressure driven process, are less endangered by fouling; nonetheless, due to low permeation they have limited potential in wastewater treatment. To improve the membranes performance with reference to permeability, antifouling/antibiofouling resistance and separation properties the application of various nanomaterials has been proposed. This review presents a progress in the research on the polymer mixed-matrix membranes containing pure and modified halloysite nanotubes (HNTs). The effect of HNTs on the properties and performance of membranes made of polymers such as polysulfone, polyethersulfone, polystyrene and polyvinylidene fluoride is widely discussed. Finally, the key issues to be considered in further research on the mixed-matrix membranes modified with HNTs are proposed.
advancing contact angle
salt/water permeability ratio
chemical oxygen demand
dopamine/iron oxide/silane coupling agent
differential scanning calorimetry
diesel oil/water emulsion
graphitic carbon nitride
silane coupling agent
polymer enhanced ultrafiltration
petroleum ether/water emulsion
receding contact angle
relative flux reduction
reduced graphene oxide
ring-opening metathesis polymerization
reactive oxygen species
scanning electron microscopy
transmission electron microscopy
thin film nanocomposite
glass transition temperature
total suspended solids
vegetable oil/water emulsion
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